• Nico Muhly
  • In Certain Circles (2020)
    (Concerto for Two Pianos and Orchestra)

  • St. Rose Music Publishing (World)

Commissioned by the New York Philharmonic, Jaap van Zweden, Music Director, Tonhalle Düsseldorf- Düsseldorfer Symphoniker, Orchestre de Paris - Philharmonie de Paris, and Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra


Unavailable for performance.

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  • 2 Pianos
    • 6th November 2022, Lithuanian National Philharmonic Big Hall, Vilnius, Lithuania
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Programme Note

In Certain Circles is in three movements.  The first contains a little fragment of a piece by Rameau, l’Enharmonique.  The movement is about uncovering it through various disguises and lifting of those disguises.  From time to time, the tune from the Rameau appears and quickly vanishes; while it’s not always meant to be fully audible, there should be a sense of hauntology here, where the simple intervals of the Rameau permeate the texture in oblique and sometimes obscure, ghostly ways.  A very simple gesture permeates all three movements: a rising second, forcefully declared by the brass in the very first bar; the brass often insists on these intervals even when they antagonise the pianos.

The second movement is a pair of dance-suite movements: a sarabande and a gigue.  I tried to call on my knowledge of French baroque music to make something I’ve never done before, which is to say, music which more or less obeys the rhythmic rules of a received form.  Here, the pianos go in and out of rhythmic unison with one another — a little mechanical, a little expressive.  While the sarabande is quite supple, the gigue is explicitly mechanical and a bit unstable.  The normal sets of 6 and 12 beats are oftentimes interrupted with unwelcome little hiccoughs of 4 or 5 beats, creating a sense of anxiety despite the explicitly diatonic harmonies.

The third movement begins with the pianos in completely different rhythmic worlds from one another.  ‘Disconnection’ is the guiding musical principle here; the music shifts quickly from very dark to very bright, from jagged rhythms to simple ones, and from delicate to quite violent.  Every playful moment is offset by something severe and mechanical.  After a relatively joyful pulse-based episode, we perceive a final spectre of l’Enharmonique and the movement ends abruptly.  In Certain Circles is dedicated to Katia and Marielle Labèque.

Nico Muhly