• Philip Glass
  • Symphony No. 5 'Requiem, Bardo, Nirmanakaya' (1999)

  • Dunvagen Music Publishers Inc (World)
  • 2+pic.2.2+Ebcl.bcl.24.3.2+btbn.14perchp.pfstr
  • children’s choir + SATB
  • soprano, mezzo soprano, tenor, baritone, bass
  • 1 hr 41 min
  • Philip Glass
  • traditional sources, compiled & edited by the composer, James Morten and Kusumita Pedersen
  • English
    • 14th May 2020, , Malmö, Sweden
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Programme Note

The symphony was commissioned and conceived as a millennium celebration work for the Salzburg Festival. My plan has been for the symphony to represent a broad spectrum of many of the world's great "wisdom" traditions. Working together with the Very Reverend James Parks Morton of the Interfaith Center of New York and Professor Kusumita P. Pedersen of St. Francis College, we synthesized a vocal text that begins before the world's creation, passes through earthly life and paradise, and closes with a future dedication. We are looking at the moment of the millennium as a bridge between the past (represented by the Requiem and embodying the first nine movements up to the moment of Death) the present (the Bardo representing the "in between") and culminating in Nirmanakaya (the future manifestation of enlightened activity).

We have elected to present the original texts (Greek, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Arabic, Chinese, Japanese and indigenous languages) in one language, English, to show the commonalties with which all these traditions resonate. For a work of this scale it seemed fitting to add chorus, children's choir and soloists to the usual symphonic ensemble, thereby giving it ample breadth and dramatic capability.

Besides being a compendium of reflection on the process of global transformation and evolution, it is hoped that the work will serve as a strong and positive celebration of the millennium year.

© Philip Glass

1. BEFORE THE CREATION
2. CREATION OF THE COSMOS
3. CREATION OF SENTIENT BEINGS
4. CREATION OF HUMAN BEINGS
5. JOY AND LOVE
6. EVIL AND IGNORANCE
7. SUFFERING
8. COMPASSION
9. DEATH
10. JUDGMENT AND APOCALYPSE
11. PARADISE
12. DEDICATION

© 1999 Dunvagen Music Publishers, Inc.

Compiled and edited by Philip Glass, James Parks Morton
and Kusumita P. Pedersen

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Volume 1
Volume 2
Volume 3

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